EmacsからOpenAI APIをつかう

OpenAI APIを使う」でチャットの機能のためのAPIの使い方について調べた。結果を一括で取得する方法と、 Server Sent Events を用いて結果を徐々に受け取るストリーミングのような方法を調べた。

Server Sent Events を受け取るためにはリクエストのBODYのパラメータ streamtrue を設定する必要がある。


openai-chat-question でチャットを開始する時に、前置きの部分に > を挿入するようにした。

   (list (read-string-from-buffer
	  (if (region-active-p)
	      (let ((txt (buffer-substring-no-properties
			  (region-beginning) (region-end))))
		  (insert txt)
		  (goto-char (point-min))
		  (replace-regexp "^" "> ")

Emacs Lispを置いておく。


;;; openai --- OpenAI API Utility -*- lexical-binding: t -*-

;; Copyright (C) 2024 TakesxiSximada

;; Author: TakesxiSximada <[email protected]>
;; Maintainer: TakesxiSximada <[email protected]>
;; Repository:
;; Version: 2
;; Package-Version: 20240515.0000
;; Package-Requires: ((emacs "28.0")
;; Date: 2024-05-15

;; This file is part of opeai.el.

;; This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;; the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
;; (at your option) any later version.

;; This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; GNU General Public License for more details.

;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;; along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

;;; Code:

(defvar openai-api-key nil)

(setq openai-chat-result-buffer-name "*ChatGPT Result*")
(setq openai-chat-request-buffer-name "*ChatGPT Request*")
(setq openai-chat-response-buffer-name "*ChatGPT Response*")
(setq openai-chat-response-error-buffer-name "*ChatGPT Response Error*")

(setq openai-chat-send-request-process nil)

(setq openai-chat-chars-q nil)

(setq openai-chat-chars-timer nil)

(defun openai-chat-sync-results ()
  (while openai-chat-chars-q
    (with-current-buffer (get-buffer-create openai-chat-result-buffer-name)
      (goto-char (point-max))
      (let ((ch (car openai-chat-chars-q)))
	(if (string-equal "" ch)
	    (insert "\n")
	  (insert ch)))

      (setq openai-chat-chars-q (cdr openai-chat-chars-q))))
  (pop-to-buffer openai-chat-result-buffer-name))

(defun openai-chat-chars-start-timer ()
  (unless openai-chat-chars-timer
    (setq openai-chat-chars-timer (run-with-idle-timer 1 t #'openai-chat-sync-results))))

(defun openai-chat-chars-cancel-timer ()
  (cancel-timer openai-chat-chars-timer)
  (setq openai-chat-chars-timer nil))

(require 'json)

(defcustom openai-chat-system-pre-sentence nil
  :type 'string
  :group 'openai

(defun openai-chat-create-request (sentence)
  (interactive "sSentence: ")

  (with-current-buffer (get-buffer-create openai-chat-result-buffer-name)
    (goto-char (point-max))
    (insert "\n\n------------------------------------------------\n")
    (insert "ME: ")
    (insert sentence)
    (insert "\n------------------------------------------------\n")
    (insert "AI: ")

  (with-current-buffer (get-buffer-create openai-chat-request-buffer-name)
     (format "{
    \"model\": \"gpt-4o-2024-05-13\",
    \"messages\": [
            \"role\": \"system\",
            \"content\": %s
            \"role\": \"user\",
            \"content\": %s
    \"stream\": true
}" (json-encode-string openai-chat-system-pre-sentence) (json-encode-string sentence)))))

(defun openai-chat-parse-response ()
  (with-current-buffer openai-chat-response-buffer-name
      (goto-char (point-min))
      (while (re-search-forward "^data: \\(.*\\)

" nil t)
	(if-let ((txt (buffer-substring-no-properties
		       (match-beginning 1) (match-end 1))))
	      (delete-region (point-min) (match-end 1))
	      (if-let ((content
			(cdr (assoc 'content
				    (cdr (assoc 'delta
						(seq-first (cdr (assoc 'choices
								       (json-read-from-string txt))))))))))
		  (setq openai-chat-chars-q (append openai-chat-chars-q (list content))))))))))

(defun openai-chat-send-request ()
  (if-let ((req-body (with-current-buffer openai-chat-request-buffer-name (buffer-string))))
	(setq openai-chat-send-request-process
	       :name "*OpenAI Chat*"
	       :buffer openai-chat-response-buffer-name
	       :command `("curl" "https://api.openai.com/v1/chat/completions"
 	      		  "-X" "POST"
 	      		  "-H" "Content-Type: application/json"
 	      		  "-H" ,(format "Authorization: Bearer %s" openai-api-key)
 	      		  "-d" "@-")
 	       :connection-type 'pipe
 	       :coding 'utf-8
	       :filter (lambda (process output)
			 (with-current-buffer (process-buffer process)
			   (goto-char (point-max))
			   (insert output)
	       :sentinel (lambda (process event)
 	       :stderr openai-chat-response-error-buffer-name))

	(process-send-string openai-chat-send-request-process req-body)
	(process-send-eof openai-chat-send-request-process))))

(defun openai-chat-question (question)
   (list (read-string-from-buffer
	  (if (region-active-p)
	      (let ((txt (buffer-substring-no-properties
			  (region-beginning) (region-end))))
		  (insert txt)
		  (goto-char (point-min))
		  (replace-regexp "^" "> ")
  (when (and question (not (string-blank-p question)))
    (openai-chat-create-request question)

(defun openai-chat-create-and-send-request-for-assist (content)
  (when content
    (openai-chat-create-request content)

(provide 'openai)
;;; openai.el ends here

(2024-05-15追記) 使用しているモデルを新しいモデルに更新した。